Commonly asked questions by people learning about Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) are –

What is guided discovery?
Is it about the therapist directing the client?
Is Socratic dialogue the same thing as guided discovery?
How do I offer guided discovery?

One thing for sure, is that the concept often feels overwhelming when we first try this type of approach.

My view point is that, guided discovery, can be one of the most beneficial interventions used within CBT. In a nut-shell, guided discovery is a process that a therapist uses to help his or her client reflect on the way that they process information. Through the processes of answering questions or reflecting on thinking processes, a range of alternative thinking is opened up for each client. This alternative thinking forms the blueprint for changing perceptions and behaviours.

Essentially, it could be suggested that a client approaching a CBT therapist is initially functioning at a mindless level. This is not to say that a client is ignorant or not able to think. Rather, that the client has a range of automatic cognitive processes that are being allowed to run without intervention. Some of these thinking processes may have been developed in childhood, while others may directly result from an immediate mood state.

A useful analogy for guided discovery is to think about going to an opticians for an eye test. The optician may initially put a contraption on their clients head with a range of lenses on it. Initially, their clients cannot see through this contraption very well (i.e., what they perceive is a blur). The optician then sets about gradually removing or replacing lenses, and after a while, through a process of trial and error (and feedback from the client) each individual begins to see more clearly.

Guided discovery works in exactly the same way as the above example. Except, instead of using optical lenses, the CBT therapist helps the client use lenses of perception. Perceiving information is a different way allows each client to access a range of choices in their life, ostensibly, to see their life through different lenses. When we view life in a different way our emotional reaction to events also shifts. These types of continued conscious re-evaluations in CBT are very important because they lay the foundations of future automatic thinking and make relapse less likely.

You notice some pain in your jaw when chewing, which progressively worsens over several weeks. Occasionally you feel a clicking or catching in your jaw when opening and closing your mouth. Eventually you are unable to fully open your mouth and experience pain even when you speak. If you have never experienced this, count yourself very lucky. If you have, you are already familiar with the relatively common condition known as TMD.

TMD, short for temperomandibular disorder, is estimated to affect as much as 40% of the population at some point in their lifetimes, and is especially prevalent in the young. Initial diagnosis is typically made through a visit to the dentist, and the eventual treatment multidisciplinary with various management techniques. One of the lesser known treatment techniques, but something that is gaining in popularity, is soft-tissue therapy of the masticatory muscles the muscles used to move the jaw.

As a sports chiropractor using manual soft-tissue therapy on a daily basis, I have treated TMD on many occasions with success, however good research on the subject has been lacking. Recently however, this type of myofascial therapy for TMD was tested for efficacy in a randomized, controlled clinical trial. Researchers from Macquarie University in Sydney, Australia examined the clinical effectiveness of manual therapy in the treatment TMD. Specifically, they compared myofascial therapy to myofascial therapy plus self-care and education and no care (the control group in the study).

This was a private clinic-based study, with eligible participants ranging from age 18-50 presenting with jaw pain with or without joint sounds of at least 3 months and a willingness to participate in the study. Patients with physical or psychological contraindications were excluded. The outcome measures were jaw pain at rest, jaw pain upon maximal active opening, and jaw pain upon clenching.

The primary therapy consisted of myofascial release of the masticatory muscles, including the temporalis, medial and lateral pterygoid, and masseter. The subjects were treated twice per week over a period of 6 weeks for a total of 12 therapy sessions. Additionally, one group was given additional education and self-care consisting of self-mobilization, exercises and stretching, as well as general education on TML anatomy, biomechanics, disc displacement and dysfunction, and the role of psychoemotional factors contributing to TMD.

The results showed a statistically significant positive efficacy for both the myofascial therapy only, and the myofascial therapy plus education and self-care groups. Not surprisingly, the therapy plus self-care group showed a better 1 year outcome than the therapy alone group a trend that has been supported for the care of most musculoskeletal conditions.

Although the results of this study are no surprise to those practicing manual therapy, it serves to reinforce what we already know anecdotally. For patients suffering from TMD there is now evidence for another great intervention, and for manual therapists not currently treating TMD, there is a great opportunity to expand your skillset and serve those in need.

When we take a look at the medical industry, we often amaze ourselves at the efficiency of the employees of the medical centers. However, most of us fail to realize that a major chunk of the credit for this competence goes to the persons responsible for the production of superior quality medical equipment’s which in turn make the medically related work simple and flawless.

One man who has known far and wide in this respect of producing and providing quality medical equipment is David Wayne Fish. The man is an impeccable blend of medical expertise as well as marketing genius, which explains his consistently firm grip on the market. It is not just the hospitals and other medical centers that have benefitted from his novel products; the equipment is being used extensively used in homes of the disabled and as a means of personal care by the health conscious.

His expertise and experience in the medical field has also earned him the repute of being a health guru and a professional trainer with people flocking him for advice related to workouts and health in general. He claims that regular exercise affects not only the body but also the mind and the psychology of a person. A person can get rid of his negativity, stress and tension. Also, contrary to popular belief, a good workout is a good way of dealing with exhaustion. By exercising, the energy levels of a person boost up and he becomes more active. The other benefits of exercise would be getting better sleep, anger-management, building focus, higher confidence and an improved social life. In simple words, regularly working out brings out the best in an individual.

While promoting workouts, David W. Fish also makes it a point to lay emphasis on the importance of a moderate workout. Just when other trainers are busy pushing their clients to the level of exhaustion, this man maintains that irrespective of the current health conditions of the person, in the beginning phase, workouts must be undertaken not more than five days a week for 30 minutes session each. Henceforth, the amount of time spent working out will depend on the goal that the person is intending to achieve through the fitness program. Another important piece of advice to people working on their fitness levels is that they should increase the intensity or duration of their workout at their own pace. Comparing one’s workout with others and forcing the body to do more than it can handle can lead to serious injury.

There is only one effective way to get children actively involved with speech and motor Apraxia, and this is by engaging them in fun speech therapy activities. However, before you even begin to help your child with language articulation activities, you have to be in the right frame of mind.

It would be counter-productive if you are stressed, impatient, and thinking of other things at the same time. Thus, for the language activities to work out well between you and your child learn to set aside a specific time that’s just for this purpose. Make it a date between you and your child and treat the time as special bonding hour that will create beautiful memories for you and your child.

Here are some fun language therapy activities that you can start under the supervision of a qualified therapist, and then branch out on your own at home. Remember what the purpose for the language activities are, focus on that, and not just having fun. Also do not be a stickler for how long your child should be doing the activity, otherwise it becomes a chore instead, and he will not be motivated to do it again.

Speech Therapy Activities Part 1

Using PECS or Picture Exchange Communications System uses pictures as an alternative way of communicating with your child. Naturally, you will need some practice with this because for a child, a picture of a sandwich could mean he’s hungry but not necessarily for a sandwich.

You can go around the house tagging items with a picture and the word spelled out. Eventually, from practice, your child will recognize the word and not just the picture. By then you can take away the pictures and just have word tags.

Speech Therapy Activities Part 2

Use of music to teach pacing and pauses between words. The music therapy is a great way to introduce sounds and how they can be used. It works in conjunction with language therapy activities in many instances because of its universal appeal. There are special CDs for young children with Apraxia that you can buy as part of your language therapy activities at home.

With singing, children with Apraxia can enjoy speech therapy activities by learning how to elongate their vowels.

Speech Therapy Activities Part 3

Why not play Go Fish or the Memory Game using cards as your game tools. Cards are very good as part of your speech therapy activities as well as in helping develop dexterity and hand-eye coordination. These are just 3 language therapy activities that you can do without special tools. It will not work though if you do it a couple of times a month.

There has to be some form of schedule, 5 to 10 minutes a day, to make it work.

Multiple sclerosis is an inflammatory neurological disease that can generate a wide range of physical and psychological symptoms. Multiple sclerosis involves the deterioration of myelin, a substance that surrounds the bodys nervous cells. Myelin has a very important role in the transmission of nervous impulses, and if this substance is affected, the entire activity of the nervous system is seriously compromised. Although the actual causes of multiple sclerosis remain unknown, there are several hypotheses that present genetic abnormalities as the main factors responsible for causing the disease. Medical scientists believe that multiple sclerosis occurs on the background of inherited genetic predispositions, and environmental factors are suspected to be triggers of the disease. Some hypotheses also introduce viral infections in this scenario, although infections with viruses dont seem to contribute to the development of the disease.

Multiple sclerosis can affect the body on different levels. The majority of people with multiple sclerosis suffer from dysfunctions of the muscular system, while others also develop neuropsychological dysfunctions. Multiple sclerosis usually generates a wide range of symptoms: body weakness, pronounced fatigue, muscle numbness, poorly coordinated moves, poor balance. People affected by multiple sclerosis can in time experience decreased visual acuity, mental states of confusion and even short-term memory loss. People with multiple sclerosis can also suffer from depression, which is common in more than 80 percent of patients with the disease.

Although there is no cure for multiple sclerosis, most medical treatments can alleviate the symptoms generated by the disease, also preventing their recurrence. However, the majority of medications prescribed in long-term multiple sclerosis treatments (beta interferon, corticosteroids) can generate many side-effects, causing additional damage to the body. Hence, it is best to avoid following long-term treatments with potentially-harmful drugs. In many cases, multiple sclerosis therapies can ameliorate physical symptoms just as well, without using any drugs. Considering the fact that most symptoms generated by the disease are linked to the musculoskeletal system, the majority of multiple sclerosis therapies are focused on improving muscular mobility and tonus through physical exercise. Multiple sclerosis therapy through exercise can help patients regain their strength, coordination and balance, alleviating muscular pain, numbness and stiffness.

The majority of multiple sclerosis therapies involve recuperative physical exercises and medical gymnastics. Other forms of multiple sclerosis therapies include recreational physical activities, such as swimming, jogging or the practice of different sports. Most people who have followed such multiple sclerosis therapies have experienced an amelioration of their physical symptoms and have improved their overall health condition. Although medical treatments are required for most patients, people who follow multiple sclerosis therapy need smaller doses of medications. Combined with an appropriate diet and a healthy lifestyle, multiple sclerosis therapy through exercise can be very benefic.

Women all over the globe who suffers from breast cancer are looking for and effective and powerful breast cancer treatment, and it happens that such a treatment and cure exists. Sad to say, because of the source of the treatment, there has been widespread opposition and doubt. Once the nations comes to accept this treatment and cure, humanity will enter a new awareness of physical health and wellness.

One of the breast cancer treatment and cure is the application of oxygen therapy as provided by the cure within one minute. The cure within one minute was research by some prominent scientist. It wasn’t long before they know that oxygen therapy was one of the best alternative approaches to treat breast cancer. They have discovered the true potency of this treatment.

The healing properties of oxygen therapy do not stop at cancer. First and foremost, they have not discovered any cancer that oxygen therapy could not treat and cure. However, they have not seen a disease that this treatment couldn’t cure. This includes STD, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, arthritis, MS, pain disorders, mental disorders, and even aids. It is hard to think of something that this treatment cannot cure, and while there are probably a few diseases and sickness that this therapy does not work on, scientist has not found one.

Proponents of this one have a huge amount of support, including some medical scientist. To anyone who does not believe, we suggests to the skeptics to apply this treatment. Anybody can apply it and see it work right in front of them.

Hundred if not thousands of people are involved with oxygen therapy. And I have never seen and heard of any situation where it did not workout. In some extremely severe cancer cases, oxygen therapy is effective because the body’s internal organs have been destroyed already by chemotherapy and radiation treatment, but even then, breast cancer treatment oxygen therapy can still possibly save the life of your love ones. So, start it now and try it and get your copy of the cure within one minute..

To learn more about this therapy, please visit the cure within one-minute site for current articles and discussions.

One thing that a lot of people don’t know is that non-profit organizations can apply for and receive government grants. This is a major source of funding for lots of non-profits. Since non-profit have a lot of volunteers their overhead is usually a lot less than the typical for profit business. One non profit recently applied for and received a large government grant to improve their equine therapy center. The people at this center use horses to help both disabled children and disabled veterans improve the quality of their lives. The government grants they received will help them buy more land and more horses. It also went to help with the maintenance of the entire facility. I was informed that in the next year they will apply for six more grants.

One thing that they and many people find very helpful is to have a professional grant writer. Grant writing can at times be very frustrating and time consuming. Grant writing has become a very competitive field and there are a lot of professional grant writers available. A lot of non-profits don’t have the extra funds to hire a professional grant writer. In these cases many grant writers will offer their services at a reduced rate. If a grant writer does require payment for their services there are different ways to pay them.

One way to pay a grant writer is to make the payment continent on getting the grant awarded. Then the grant writer is given a percentage of the grant that is awarded. This is where things can get a little tricky. The organization needs to come up with a percentage that is fair to the organization and to the grant writer too. This type of pay arrangement is sometimes troubling to a lot of the agencies that give out money. The grant money is earmarked for a specific purpose and not to pay for the services of a grant writer. This could cause some problems getting government grants. Its a lot of peoples opinion that grant writers should be paid a one time fee and or an hourly wage. Either way its a better practise than going the contingent pay option. The hourly wage or flat fee method of payment for grant writers is better for them too. Not all grants are awarded. It would be an awful lot of work to write a grant and then not be paid due to reasons that are beyond the grant writers control.

Craniofacial therapy is a type of massage therapy that grew out of osteopathy, the ancient art of bone setting. The practitioner uses specific techniques, along with presence, where sacred space is held by means of mindful awareness for healing. The subtle art of precise and gentle touch is applied to correct imbalances in the fluid and membranes surrounding the brain and spinal cord. This allows the client to achieve releases from tension throughout the entire body, bringing about relief from physical pain, and with that bringing a restoration of clarity.

Craniofacial therapy is a viable tool for healing of many medical problems and is routinely used as a preventive health measure, as it increases the bodys ability to fight off many ailments.

Another extraordinary quality of visionary craniofacial therapy is it has the ability to touch the depths of one’s being and find access to a greater sense of clarity, serenity, dealing effectively with old habits and patterns. This includes the communities of chiropractors, massage therapists, kinesiology practitioners, reflexology practitioners, dentists, etc. These practitioners may have a gift in this modality and if they do the results can be extraordinary to say the very least.

Massage in itself is a healing process, in that when you are finished with an hour or even half hour session you will be in a place both physically and mentally to heal from the wounds that you suffer from. Massage is generally accepted and blessed now by the medical community as a form of holistic healing, because it is hugely difficult for medicine to prove that massage doesnt promote healing. In fact, quite the opposite. Massage therapy is a form of healing, and if you have ever had a sports injury or automobile injury and used massage to help you come back from it, you agree 100% that its really fantastic.

The King of Prussia major league soccer team is one such benefactor in sports massage is their way of helping muscles get to the point of relaxation to the point that healing is increased in both effectiveness and depth. This is further proof that massage therapy in the area of sports healing is going to grow today and long term.

Things that can advance massage therapy efficiency are aromatherapy, relaxation techniques, and reiki type activity. Anything that can promote the state of relaxation is only going to increase the effect of the massage, releasing more toxins, and allowing the patient to even reach a state of higher consciousness.

Several of the linguists providing clinical translations are qualified in a medical profession, such as registered nurses, physios as well as doctors. Furthermore they are fluent in at the very least 2 languages. This higher level of know-how describes, why medical translations are usually much for costly then basic translations.

The industry of health care translations is rather broad and varies from translations of patient’s records and medical professional’s note over studies pertaining to pharmaceuticals to clinical oversight cases. The linguist therefore needs substantial feel in the clinical and pharmaceutical business.

Exactly what makes a great medical translation? As mentioned in the past, the linguist has to have the necessary know-how, not just in the source and target foreign languages, yet likewise in health care terms. Medical language is based upon Latin and Greek and generally the same terms are utilized in all languages, as an example, the kneecap, patella, still is called patella in German. If the linguist doesn’t know that patella is the health care term for kneecap, it will be rather tough for your man to correctly understand the context and translate the text message properly. Often there are little distinctions in the medical language in various foreign languages. An excellent linguist will know those and make certain he translates as necessary.

Medical translations also call for a wonderful level of focus on information. Some of the translations can make the distinction between life and fatality and a little blunder could have severe outcomes. Health care linguists for that reason take a whole lot of task. It is always recommended to have actually medical translations proofread by a second, just as qualified health care explainer, to make sure there are no blunders in the translation.

Similar to all translations, it is additionally essential that the translator is an indigenous speaker of the target foreign language. Only indigenous presenters understand their foreign language well enough to execute top quality translations.

The last thing to keep in mind when deciding on a consultant or translation firm for a clinical translation is privacy. A great translation business will certainly ask the linguists who operate for them to sign a confidentiality contract, to guarantee the translation or any of its material isn’t shared with any type of third events. This is crucial for the health care details of patients, yet likewise for other discreet details regarding medical researches or brand-new products. A certified translation firm ought to smile to supply you along with a copy of this contract and an expert freelance explainer will be happy to sign a confidentiality contract for you.

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More and more health care professionals are recommending the use of quality home ultrasound devices to patients that suffer from chronic pain conditions and other injuries. In fact, doctors now advise the use of an ultrasound therapy machine in physical therapy. This is because ultrasound therapy has been found to improve the results of physical therapy.

Deeper penetrating ultrasound waves While physical therapy is already considered to be one of the best non-invasive treatments for relieving pain, incorporating the use and application of ultrasound therapy can enhance its results. Ultrasound therapy complements physical therapy in many different ways. One of these ways is that the sound waves produced by an ultrasound machine deeply penetrate the skin.

The high frequency sound waves produced by an ultrasound device have the power to penetrate the surface of the skin up to 4 inches. These sound waves are focused on affected and injured areas so that symptoms can be alleviated. There are two key advantages that ultrasound therapy poses: The first is that it increases cellular activity, oxygen flow and blood flow to the affected area; the second is that it diminishes edema and inflammation (swelling), which are two of the main sources of pain.

Speeds up the body’s healing process

In all of the clinical studies concerning ultrasound therapy, the majority of participants reported that they experienced less pain, faster recovery and greater mobility. In a nutshell, ultrasound therapy produced thermal benefits, which allows the muscles to relax and reduce pain and swelling. 20-minute daily sessions using this device can accelerate the body’s healing process when it comes to fractures. The same duration can also improve the physical functions of older adults, as well as decrease the pain that they experience, especially those suffering from osteoarthritis.

Other benefits of ultrasound therapy

In addition to complementing physical therapy, ultrasound therapy also provides many other benefits. One of the most obvious of which is the fact that through this type of treatment, there will no longer be a need for patients to completely depend on pain relievers and other drugs. While aspirin, naproxen and ibuprofen are helpful for relieving pains affecting the joints, muscles and tendons, as well as chronic conditions such as back pain and arthritis, these do not come without risks. With regular use, these drugs increase the risks of kidney damage, ulcers and even heart failure.

Incorporating the use of an ultrasound therapy machine in physical therapy can be very beneficial. Visit a reputable provider of quality home ultrasound devices by visiting ezultrasound.com for more details.

June Hamilton resides in San Diego, California. She is a diehard music enthusiast and can often be found at the hottest concerts or festivals. In addition to her love of music, June is interested in healthcare and often provides information about home ultrasound devices , such as those available from EZUltrasound.